Introduction

The Jews divide the Bible into three divisions: the Torah or law, Neviā€™im  (neh-veh-EEM) or prophets and the Kethuvim (keh-tu-VEEM) or writings. Together they are referred to as the TaNaKh.

These divisions are old. We find references to these divisions in the introduction to the book of Sirach.

Many important truths have been handed down to us through the law, the prophets, and the later authors; and for these the instruction and wisdom of Israel merit praise. (Sirach Forward NAB)

Sirach is not part of the Tanakh but it is an ancient commentary on it. It is thought to have been written in Hebrew between 200 and 180 BC. It has come to us through the Septuagint, A Greek translation of the Hebrew scriptures and other writings. The date of the translation may be 300-131 BC.

Jewish study and practice center around the Torah. The Torah is read through in the synagogue once a year. It is divided into Parsha or portions for this purpose. There is a corresponding Haphtorah portion that may be read along with the Torah portion. The Haphtorah and the Torah readings are connected by topic. The Haphtorah reading comes from the later writings, the Nevi'im and Ketuvim.

Within the more formal three major divisions there are other less formal divisions as presented below.

 

Torah (The Law)
 

Genesis

Bereishis

Exodus

Shemos

Leviticus

Vayikra

Numbers

Bamidbar

Deuteronomy

Devarim

Nevi'im (The Prophets)
 

Former Prophets

 

Joshua

Yehoshua

Judges

Shoftim

Samuel (I & II)

Shmu'el

Kings (I & II)

Melakhim

 

Latter Prophets

 

Isaiah

Yeshayahu

Jeremiah

Yirmiyahu

Ezekiel

Yehezq'el

 

The Book of the Twelve (Twelve Minor Prophets)

 

Hosea

Hoshea

Joel

Yo'el

Amos

Amos

Obadiah

Ovadyah

 

Jonah

Yonah

Micah

Mikhah

Nahum

Nachum

Habakkuk

Habaquq

 

Zephaniah

Tsefania

Haggai

Haggai

Zechariah

Zekharia

Malachi

Malakhi

Ketuvim (Writings)
 

Poetry

 

Psalms

Tehillim

Proverbs

Mishlei

Job

`Iyyov

 

Megilloth (The Five Rolls)

 

Song of Songs

Shir ha-Shirim

Ruth

Lamentations

Eikhah

Ecclesiastes

Kohelet

Esther

 

History

 

Daniel

Ezra-Nehemiah

Chronicles (I & II)

Divrei ha-Yamim